Top 10 Highest mountains in the world

The high mountains are majestic structures of the earth. They are the true beauty of our world and if life allows you, you must visit these beautiful places. When it comes to highest mountains Asia is king here all the top 10 highest mountains are located in Asia. Nine of them are in Himalayas range while one the great K2 is in the Karakoram range of mountains.

10 – Annapurna 1

Height = 8,091 m

Annapurna 1 -Annapurna_Mountain_Range

Annapurna 1 By Saroj Pandey (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Annapurna is a series of Himalayan peaks in north-central Nepal. Annapurna series consists of lots of seven thousander and six thousander peaks, but it only contains one eight-thousander peak, which is called Annapurna 1 or Annapurna 1 main. The Annapurna 1 main is a 10th highest mountain in the world and is known for its extremely difficult climbing situation. Lots of mountaineers lost their lives trying to conquer it.  Annapurna 1 fatality rate is highest among all 8 thousander peaks, particularly climbing it via south face is very difficult.

In October 2014 approximately 40 peoples were killed on that mountain due to the snowstorm and avalanche, its the worst ever incidence in the history of Nepal mountain climbing.

9 – Nanga Parbat

Height = 8,126 m


Nanga Parbat By Tahsin Anwar AliOwn work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Nanga Parbat is the 9th highest mountain in the world and it is located in  Gilgit-Baltistan area of Pakistan. Locally, this mountain is known as Deo mir meaning huge mountain. One interesting thing about this mountain is its immense peak that rises far above from its surroundings due to which it looks huge.

Nanga Parbat is also a difficult mountain to climb in 2oth century, this mountain was awarded the nickname of the killer mountain due to a large number of climber fatalities.

8 – Manaslu

Height = 8,163 m

Manaslu peak

Manaslu By Ben Tubby (Manaslu, from base camp trip) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Manaslu is a Himalayan mountain located in the west-central part of Nepal. It’s the eighth-highest mountain in the world. Its name comes from the Sanskrit word Manasa, Manasa means the soul and the word Manaslu means mountain of the spirit. 

7 – Dhaulagiri 1

Height = 8,167 m

Dhaulagiri mountain

Dhaulagiri By SolundirOwn work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Dhaulagiri 1 is a Himalayan massif peak located in Nepal. It’s the 7th highest mountain in the world and it was first climbed in 1960. Since then, more than 350 climbers have conquered it and approximately 60 climbers died while climbing.

The name of this mountain also comes from Sanskrit and it means Dazzling mountain or white mountain. Beside Dhaulagiri 1 there are many other peaks in Dhaulagiri range and most of them are seven thousanders i.e they are more than 7000 m in height. Noticeable of them is Dhaulagiri 2 (7,751 m) ranked 30th in world highest mountains.

6 –  Cho Oyu

Height = 8,188 m

Cho Oyu is the 6th highest mountain in the world it is located on the China-Nepal border. Originally it was ranked 7th with the height of 8,150 m but in 1984 it was moved up to 6th rank with a height of 8,201 m.  Again new measurements were made in 1996 by the Government of Nepal Survey Department and the Finnish Meteorological Institute, which put its height to 8,188 m and interestingly, this new height is very similar to 8,189 m that Edumund Hillary used in its book High Adventure in 1955.

5 – Makalu

Height = 8,485

Makalu mountain

Makalu By Ben Tubby – originally posted to Flickr as Makalu, CC BY 2.0, Link

Makalu is located on the China-Nepal border. It comes in the Mahalangur Himalayas and it is 19 km southeast from Mount Everest. Makalu is the fifth highest mountain, it is an isolated peak and its shape is like a four-sided pyramid.

It was first conquered in 1955 by French expedition Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy led by Jean Franco.

4 – Lhotse

Height = 8,516

Lhotse mountain three peaks

Lhotse- ChukhungRi CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Lhotse is the 4th highest mountain in the world. It’s located on the border between Tibet and the Khumbu region of Nepal and is part of the Everest massif.  In addition to the main summit at 8,516 meters, the mountain comprises two smaller peaks Lhotse Middle and Lhotse Shar at  8,414 m and 8,383 m respectively.

A Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger first climbed the main summit of Lhotse on May 18, 1956. Lhotse Middle remained the highest unclimbed point on earth for a long time, then its first ascent was made by Eugeny Vinogradsky, Sergei Timofeev, Alexei Bolotov and Petr Kuznetsov of a Russian expedition on May 23, 2001.

3. Kangchenjunga

Height = 8,586 m

Five peaks of Kanchenjunga_from_Tiger_Hills

Five peaks of Kanchenjunga By DC AssamOwn work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

Kangchenjunga lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India. It’s the third highest mountain in the world and the second highest mountain in the Himalaya range. Kangchenjunga has five peaks three of them( Main, Central, and South) are on the border between sikkim and Nepal while other two are in Nepal’s district Taplejung.

Five peaks of kangchenjunga have religious values for local people they call them  Five Treasures of Snow. Local people of the nearby areas worship these peaks and for them, these peaks represent the five repositories of God, which are gold, gems, silver, grain, and holy books.

2 – K2

Height = 8,611 m

K2 mountain in Pakistan

K2 By Svy123Own work, CC BY 3.0, Link

K2 is the second-highest mountain in the world after mountain Everest. It’s located in Gilgit-Baltistan region of northern Pakistan. K2 is also known as Mount Godwin-Austen or Chhogori and it’s the highest point of Karakorum range as well as the highest point of Pakistan.

K2 is extremely difficult to climb and has 2nd highest fatality rate among 8 thousander mountains. On average Among 5 persons who try to summit the mountain one dies. Approximately 300 mountaineers have summited k2 while 77 died trying to conquer it.

On earth, k2 has never been climbed in winter due to extreme cold weather.

1 – Mountain Everest

Height = 8,848 m

Mount Everest

Mount Everest This file was derived from  Mount Everest as seen from Drukair2.jpg: , CC BY-SA 2.0, Link

Mountain Everest is the highest mountain on earth. It’s located in Nepal on the border between Nepal and China. Mountain Everest in measured for several times. In 2005 China measured the mountain and got the result of 8844.43 meters, but Nepal didn’t accept it. Chines were measuring the height to its rock height while Nepalese say to measure it to snow height. This argument lasted for 5 years and finally, in 2010 both sides agree on the height of Everest is to be  8,848 meters. Also, Nepal recognizes China’s claim that the rock height of Everest is 8,844 meters.




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